Green energy is one of the "five major innovative industries" in President Tsai Ing-wen's economic policy, and the state-owned Taiwan Power Company is planning to invest NT$400 billion (US$12.3 billion) in the development of renewable energy over the next 15 years, spending more than 80 percent of that amount on wind power.
Among renewable energy sources, wind and solar energy are considered to be first-tier sources that can be harnessed in Taiwan. Offshore wind in particular is regarded as one of the most attractive renewables to be developed since the potential capacity is estimated to be at least 6-10GW in the Taiwan Strait, and there are many successful wind power examples in Europe. Over recent years, one of three main energy development policies in Taiwan spurred the development of offshore wind power.
Taiwan is small in area but densely populated, and two-thirds of Taiwan's land is covered by mountains, leading to difficulty in developing wind farms. Since most domestic areas with better wind energy resources have been developed or planned, and western waters of Taiwan have been rated by the international engineering consulting firm 4C Offshore as the world's best for offshore wind farms, "offshore wind power" has become the focus of active development in order to pursue a more stable source of wind energy.
In practice, Taiwan possesses extraordinary advantages in developing offshore wind farms. Offshore winds blow more strongly than those onshore. Taiwan is gifted with excellent winds offshore because of the Taiwan Strait's special geography, which causes a channeling effect.
In order to hit the target of 3 GW generated from wind power by 2025, the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) has launched the "Offshore Wind Power Demonstration Incentive Program" drawn up in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 2 of Article 11 of the "Renewable Energy Development Act" to encourage the industry to establish offshore demonstration wind farms by offering subsidies.
At the same time, the MOEA also launched the "Thousand Wind Turbines Project" and set targets for Taiwan's wind energy development. . According to the "Thousand Wind Turbines Project", Taiwan is scheduled to complete the installation of 4 offshore wind power pilot projects by 2016.
Taiwan has a sound industrial base and capability in electrical control and mechanical manufacturing, and relevant industry players are keen to enter the emerging wind power industry.
Overall, Taiwan's major suppliers are TECO, Boltun, Jetpro, Hi-VAWT, and PGC. The Taiwan government is also keen to promote the manufacturing of wind power equipment and components to help grow the domestic market.
For more information, please visit: Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs.